Scale and proportion
are vital in art as they refer to the size of an object or element in relation to the objects that are placed around it. When it comes to art the relationship between the human figure and objects are extremely important. When we take in the scale and proportions of a piece of art we have the tendency to compare its size to the size of our own bodies, this is always a measurement that we can relate to. For example, if you’re painting a beach scene and you want your composition to include the beach, ocean, sailboats, dolphins, kites and people if the ocean takes up 3/4 of your canvas you would need to make everything on land extremely small in relation to the vast ocean that you’ve created in order to keep things scaled and in proportion. If you made the land elements too large the ocean would look out of scale and be disproportionate relative to the objects around it.
A work of art has a physical size; when referring to an artwork’s size, we use the term scale. Scale covers much more than just the object’s size. It refers to the size of the object in relation to all of the other objects around it. If you have a piece of art such as a 30′ statue and it’s placed in central park it will appear small relative to it’s surroundings, however place that same stature on a 20′ x 30′ front lawn and it’s going to be out of scale and proportion when compared to it’s new surroundings.
Proportion refers to the relative size of parts of a whole and each element contained within. It’s common to think about proportion by comparing size relationships within the human body, ie: how long your legs are and how it relates to your height, or how large your eyes are in relation to the size face. In depth lessons can be found at www.supercoolart.com/lessons